Taipei, July 29 (CNA) Taiwan and China should discuss a "code of conduct" for peaceful development and a mechanism to ensure peace in the Taiwan Strait, a Taiwanese scholar said Sunday.
During a forum in the Chinese city of Harbin, Chao Chun-shan, a professor at the Graduate Institute of China Studies of Tamkang University in Taiwan's New Taipei City, said the institutionalization of cross-strait rapprochement is necessary to consolidate Taiwan-China ties.
Both sides should move from sharing economic benefits to developing common values, and then establishing a mechanism for peace across the strait, Chao said at a group discussion of a cross-strait economic, trade and cultural forum.
The two-day forum is an annual event co-hosted by Taiwan's ruling Kuomintang and China's Communist Party.
Since President Ma Ying-jeou took office in May 2008, Taiwan and China have signed 16 agreements in areas ranging from tourism, trade, to public health, medicine and judicial assistance.
In the face of globalization and the trend of multilateralism, Chao said, Taiwan and China should also deepen their relationship. He urged both sides to develop common cultural values, which will bring the two sides closer.
Meanwhile, Taiwan and China should forge a common perspective of security before both sides can establish military confidence building measures, he added.
In related news, Taiwan's Mainland Affairs Council (MAC) said a day earlier that the Republic of China is a sovereign country and that its cross-Taiwan Strait policy is "no unification, no independence and no use of force" based on the ROC's Constitution.
The two sides should shelve disputes and engage in pragmatic negotiations to address problems related to the rights of people on both sides and bilateral exchanges, said MAC spokesman Liu Te-shun, in response to remarks by Jia Qinglin, chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference, that Taiwan and China belong to the same country.
Delivering his speech at the forum Saturday, Jia said the core of the "one China" framework is that "the mainland and Taiwan belong to one country; cross-strait relationship is not one between countries."
During a Sunday session at the forum, participants from Taiwan and China also debated on whether the two sides should hold political talks.
Zhou Zhihuai, secretary-general of China's National Society of Taiwan Studies, said Taiwan should not evade political talks with China if it hopes to institutionalize peaceful relations across the Taiwan Strait.
Taiwan often requests international space and mentions its security concerns, but is unwilling to enter into the political procedure to solve these problems, said Li Yihu, dean of Taiwan Studies Institute at Peking University.
In response, Chao Chun-shan said only when the two sides share common values can a cross-Taiwan Strait reconciliation be possible.
"We are willing to wait patiently for China to embark on a democratization process," said Chin Huei-chu, a Taipei City councilor of the KMT.
(By Elaine Hou, Christie Chen, Alex Jiang and Tsai Su-jung)