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President Ma commemorates Taiwan Retrocession

2015/10/25 14:17:02

Taipei, Oct. 25 (CNA) President Ma Ying-jeou (馬英九) recently wrote about the importance of commemorating victory over Japan and the return of Taiwan to the Republic of China in 1945, saying it is the duty of every ROC president to mark this chapter in the nation's history.

In a contributing article in the United Daily News (聯合報), President Ma noted that the eight-year Sino-Japanese war (1937-1945) was critical to national survival and important to the victory of the allied forces in the Second World War.

In commemorating the 70th anniversary of Retrocession Day, people in Taiwan are remembering the historical relationship between the Republic of China and Taiwan, the President said.

He emphasized that it was only after the ROC's victory over Japan that Taiwan was returned and became part of the territory of the ROC.

Taiwan was under Japanese colonial rule from 1895 to 1945 after the Qing Dynasty lost the First Sino-Japanese War and ceded the island in the Treaty of Shimonoseki.

President Ma said that by defending and developing Taiwan, the ROC has evolved into a free and democratic society and achieved economic prosperity.

Reflecting on relations between the Chinese and Japanese people over the past 120 years, President Ma said that historical mistakes could be forgiven, but the wounds of history must not be forgotten. He added that while the Japanese government should apologize for the misery caused by its aggression and militarism, some Japanese had made positive contributions to the reconstruction of Taiwan during the colonial period.

The president said that reviewing history based on facts is the best way to develop long-lasting friendships.

(By L.J. Liu and Lillian Lin)