Over 76% of people see transitional justice unfulfilled: poll

03/02/2016 04:35 PM
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The National Women
The National Women's League headquarters in Taipei. (CNA file photo)

Taipei, March 2 (CNA) More than 76 percent of people recently polled said that transitional justice has not been fully carried out in Taiwan, according to a survey published by Win Win Weekly Wednesday.

Meanwhile, most people consider the China Youth Corps (CYC) and the National Women's League (NWL) of the Republic of China, which are widely associated with the Kuomintang (KMT), to be two major units requiring investigation on the implementation of transitional justice in the country, according to the survey.

The survey shows that 76.3 percent of the respondents said that transitional justice has not been fully carried out in Taiwan after two previous power transitions in the country, while only 11.4 percent said it has been fully achieved.

According to a further analysis of the survey data, 66 percent of Kuomintang supporters said they think transitional justice has not been fulfilled, while 83.8 percent of Democratic Progressive Party supporters shared that view.

The survey also reveals that 66.6 percent of the respondents said the CYC should reflect upon the practice of transitional justice, while 17.6 percent expressed the opposite view.

Meanwhile, 64 percent of the respondents said that the CYC should be regulated through legislation and should employ independent community members to form its board, while 31.9 percent said it should be disbanded.

The CYC was founded in 1952 by the late President Chiang Ching-kuo, the eldest son of the late President and KMT leader Chiang Kai-shek, three years after the KMT-led government retreated from China and had grown to membership of 200,000 under the younger Chiang's presidency, who continued to lead the organization until 1974.

The original purpose of the CYC was to provide basic military training to youths before they were conscripted into the KMT armed forces. At that time the CYC was very much a quasi-government, quasi-political organization with close ties to the KMT regime.

The poll also found that 72.9 percent said that the NWL should reflect on the practice of transitional justice, with 12.5 percent expressing opposition to doing so. Meanwhile, 62.6 percent of the respondents said they agree to governing the league through legislation and by employing independent community members to form its board, while 34.3 percent said it should be disbanded.

The NWL was set up in 1950 by Madam Chiang Soong May-ling, the wife of Chiang Kai-shek, to promote the development of women's rights in Taiwan.

It also found that 63.7 percent of the respondents said the operations of the Taipei Grand Hotel, managed by the Ministry of Transportation and Communications (MOTC), should be privatized, while 26.2 percent said it should maintain its status quo and that its chairman should be appointed by the government.

New Power Party legislator Huang Kuo-chang (黃國昌) said at a press conference to reveal the results of the survey that it is difficult to retrieve ill-gotten assets from the KMT-affiliated organizations because these units now operate as corporate bodies.

Therefore, how to recover assets belonging to the government by implementing transitional justice through legislation is highly challenging, Huang added.

The public opinion survey on transitional justice was conducted between Jan. 24-26, collecting 1,121 valid responses. It had a confidence level of 95 percent and a margin of error of plus or minus 2.9 percentage points.

In the poll, transitional justice means "looking into the government's previous violations of human rights and misappropriation of public assets by abusing its power."

(By Hsieh Chia-chen and Evelyn Kao)ENDITEM/J

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